SVTC 2016-17 Solar Scorecard Key
Extended Producer Responsibility—15 points
Earning a sunny score means a company participates in or commits (+3) to a fully funded collection and recycling system for End of Life PV modules produced globally (+3 for EPR policy in Europe, +3 for making effort to develop EPR policy in USA). Companies can take more responsibility by clearly describing how all customers can responsibly return PV modules on their websites (+2), making sure all recycling activities take place at a facility with a documented environmental management system and worker safeguards and protections consistent with ISO 14001 (+2), and by offering design for the environment training to product designers (+2).
Emissions Reporting—15 points
A sunny score means that companies report all categories of emissions including chemical and hazardous waste (+5), criteria air pollutants (+3), ozone depleting substances (+2), landfill disposal (+2), and report any sanctions related to non-compliance with environmental regulations (+2).
Worker Rights, Health and Safety—15 points
A sunny score is for companies with a formal commitment that protects worker rights, health, and safety that goes beyond compliance with local laws and regulations (+5 for signing SEIA's commitment, or +5 for a strong company policy). Companies should be en route to paying a living wage for all workers (+2 if all employees are paid more than minimum wage), They should report and show improvements in workday case rates (+2) and recordable incident rates (+2), and adopt OHSAS for 100% of their facilities (+2 for 100% of facilities). Companies should have explicit policies forbidding prison labor (+2).
Supply Chains—15 points
Companies that have a sunny score will have an enforceable commitment from suppliers to protect workers and the environment across all tiers of the supply chain back to polysilicon production or semiconductor preparation (+10 if companies sign the SEIA commitment, have a UNGC quality commitment, or SA8000 certification). Companies could also earn points for screening their supply chain for environmental (+2) and labor & human rights (+2) issues, and ensuring the supply chain factories are OHSAS certified (+1).
Module Toxicity & Materials—10 points
A sunny score is for those companies that offer PV modules that do not contain toxic heavy metals or have them present in levels lower than the high bar for toxics regulation. Some manufacturers have been able to significantly reduce the toxicity of their modules to very low levels (+5). Some PV modules intrinsically contain toxic materials, so EPR will be very important to managing EOL risks. High recycled-content can improve the environmental performance of PV modules (+3), and companies are beginning to adopt halogen-free cables for PV modules (+2).
Energy and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions—10 points
A sunny score is for companies that report energy use (+3), GHGs (+3), and perfluorocarbon (+2) and report GHGs and/or energy use to a third party (+2).
A sunny score in this category means the company recognizes the importance of reducing impacts to water. They report volume of water use (+5) and wastewater generated (+3) according to several water quality indicators (+2).
Conflict Minerals—10 points
A sunny score means that the company has undergone due diligence to check to see that tin used in PV manufacturing does not contain conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi and Zambia as per the guidance outlined by the OECD (+10).